Congratulations on such an important decision! You have firmly decided to learn Arabic, but how to choose a technique? Which book to choose for studying and how to start talking as fast as possible? We have prepared a guide for you on modern courses and methods of studying Arabic.
First, decide on a goal for which you need to learn the Arabic language. Do you want to study the works on the Shariah sciences without waiting for the translation? To understand the Koran in the original? Or can you plan to visit an Arabic speaking country? Are you planning to attract new partners to the business?
It’s one thing if you need to learn the language for simple everyday situations, to communicate at the airport, in a store or hotel, and another, if you plan to read the books of early scientists in the original.
The definition of the ultimate goal is a very important step in order to make your learning the most effective. Learning a language is a long and difficult journey, and a clear understanding of the motives of learning the language will help you not to give up in the middle of the road.
• Arabic alphabet strong>
Whatever goal you set yourself, start by studying the alphabet. Many people try to skip this step, relying on the transliteration of Arabic words. But sooner or later you still have to return to this step, besides you will have to re-learn the words that you already remembered. It is better to start right away with the basics. At first, when studying the alphabet, you may have difficulties, but then you will see that it does not take much time. Also do not forget about the development of written skills, buy or print out the prescriptions and try to regularly study and write as many Arabic words as possible. It is reading by syllables and writing to help you learn letters in different positions. Of course, at first it will be badly obtained, besides, you will need time to get used to the method of writing, but with a little effort, you will learn how to write an Arabic text.
Practice more in the pronunciation of letters, even in a whisper. Our articulatory apparatus needs to get used to the new positions, and the more you repeat, the faster you will learn.
• Choice for studying Islamic Sciences strong>
To prepare for understanding and reading Arabic-language literature and Sharia books in particular, in addition to the vocabulary, it is necessary to master the grammar of the language. The Medina course of Dr. AbdurRahim is a good choice. Despite the fact that there is little lexicon in it, the course is very global and systematic in terms of grammar and provides gradual student training. The main advantage of the Medina course is a clear system of submitting material without dry formal statements of the rules. It practically dissolves “adzhurumiya” and, with stable training, by the end of the second volume you will have half the basic grammar in your head.
But the Medina course suggests additional efforts for a set of vocabulary. To him there are many additional materials – like Taabir or kiraa (small manuals for reading), and any manuals for strengthening vocabulary or listening skills. For the most effective training, the Medina course should be taken comprehensively, or additionally take a course that is aimed at the development of reading, speech, such as Al-Arabian Bain of Yemen.
• Choosing for colloquial speech strong>
For the development of communication skills, the Al-Arabiya Bain of Yemen or Ummul-Kura (al-Kitab ul-Asasiy) will be a good choice. The study of al-arabiyi bain of yadeyk is more common, the emphasis in the course is on the spoken practice. The big plus is that from the first lessons you can learn the phrases necessary for simple communication, work out the pronunciation of letters. Particular attention is paid to listening. This course was written for foreigners who came to work in Saudi Arabia and compiled in such a way that the student could “painlessly” dial the vocabulary and speak in Arabic. Having finished the first volume, you will be able to correctly speak on simple everyday topics, to distinguish Arabic speech from hearing, to write.
In the future, when studying these courses, you must additionally take a grammar. For example, after completing the second volume, you can additionally take the course of Ajurumiya.
• How to replenish lexical stock strong>
One of the problems that students of any foreign language encounter is insufficient vocabulary. There are many ways to learn new words, and they are also effective for the Arabic language. Of course the best way to learn words is to memorize them in context. Read more books in Arabic, and at the initial stage of small stories and dialogues, emphasizing and highlighting new words. They can be written out and pasted around the house, you can put it into special applications that allow you to learn words anywhere (like Memrise), just write them into a dictionary. In any case, give at least 30 minutes to repeat the words.
When pronouncing a word, represent it most colorfully, or use illustration cards – so you will involve several parts of the brain at once. Describe the word for yourself, draw parallels and make logical chains – the more
• Developing auditory skills strong>
Particular attention should be paid to developing the ability to understand Arabic speech by ear. Do not ignore the listening, practice shows that many can read and understand, but understand that the interlocutor has failed to succeed everyone. For this, no matter how trite it does not sound, you need to listen more to the audio material. In the network, you can find enough small stories, stories and dialogues in Arabic, many of them are backed up with text or subtitles. On many resources, at the end, you are asked to pass a small test to check how much you understand the reading.
Listen as many times as you need, again and again, and you will notice that with each time you will understand more and more. Try to understand the meaning of unfamiliar words from the context, and then check the meaning of the words in the dictionary. do not forget to write new words, in order to later learn them. The more vocabulary you have, the easier it will be to understand speech.
What to do if almost nothing is clear? Perhaps you took too much stuff. Begin with the simplest, you do not need to immediately take complex audio, which is designed for those who are fluent in the language. Choose speakers who speak clearly and clearly, in simple literary language.
In the development of listening skills, constancy is important. You need to do more, and do not despair, even if it seems that you almost do not understand anything. With the replenishment of vocabulary and constant practice, you will begin to more and more distinguish words, and then understand Arabic speech in the original.
• Start talking strong>
You need to start talking as early as possible. Do not wait, when you have a fairly large vocabulary, the simplest dialogues can begin to build after the first lessons. Let them be banal, but do not neglect the development of conversational skills and diction. Communicate with your relatives, classmates on different topics. Did not find someone to talk to? You can talk to yourself in front of a mirror, the main thing is to introduce new learned words into your speech, transfer them from the “passive” vocabulary to “active”. Learn stable expressions and try to use them as often as possible.
In addition, take tongue twisters, their pronunciation is an excellent simple method of improving diction. What is it for? Our organs of the speech apparatus are accustomed to pronounce native sounds, and in Arabic there are many specifics. Therefore, a good solution will be along with a measured reading, conversational practice, from time to time train to pronounce Arabic tongue twisters. As a nice bonus – this will help you quickly get rid of the accent.
• Letter strong>
The further you go into learning the Arabic language, the more you will have to write. For example, already on the second volume of the Medina course of assignments in the lesson to 20, for 10-15 pages. In time, after training, you will greatly facilitate your learning process in the future. Daily write down what you have learned, all new words and sentences. Prescribe even those exercises that are prescribed for reading or oral performance. If the vocabulary and basic knowledge of grammar allow, describe what happened to you in a day, come up with and write down new dialogues.
Developing these skills, you come to the study of the Arabic language in a comprehensive manner, from all sides – and this is the most effective method. Do not forget about the consistency in training, and diligence on your part. Even the most progressive methods do not work by themselves. In order to learn the language you just need to learn. Of course, there are more and less effective methods – for example, when learning the language with a native speaker, especially in an Arab country you will begin to speak faster, because such classes take place when immersed in the language environment. But also studying at home, choosing the most effective methods worked out by years, you can achieve a good result.